In 1952, the United States elected a new president, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and on November 29, 1952, the president-elect traveled to Korea to study what might end the Korean War.  When the United Nations accepted India`s proposed ceasefire during the Korean War, the VPA, VPA and UNC stopped fire with the battle line, roughly on the Kansas line. a series of UN positions north of the 38th parallel, which had been set up in Operation Rugged.  After the ceasefire was approved, the belligerents founded the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which has since been patrolled by the KPA, ROKA, the United States, and joint UNC forces. Discussions continued slowly due to difficulties in demarcating the borders between North and South Korea. China and North Korea expected the line to remain at the 38th parallel. Within weeks, however, both nations agreed to the Kansas line.  In March 1953, the death of Joseph Stalin contributed to the negotiations. While Chinese leader Mao Zedong was unable to compromise at the time, two weeks after Stalin`s death, the new Soviet leaders made a statement calling for an early end to hostilities.
 On April 28, 1994, North Korea announced that it would cease to participate in the military ceasefire commission, but that it would continue contacts in Panmunjom through liaison officers and maintain the general terms of the ceasefire. North Korea said it sees the U.S. deployment of Patriot missiles in South Korea as the end of the truce.   In 2011, South Korea said that North Korea had violated the ceasefire 221 times.  When North Korea proposed formal peace talks in 2016, the United States adapted its position to the precondition that North Korea should have already “taken irreversible steps toward denuclearization” to a negotiating position that included North Korea`s shutdown of its nuclear program. Discussions did not take place. .