Companies often keep their business accounts in a single book called the company`s “minute book.” Minute books are available in stationery stores and research houses. A non-recall clause prevents shareholders or former shareholders from getting other shareholders, directors, officers or employees of the group to leave the group or compete with the group. This clause prevents an influential shareholder from robbing important employees. In a small business where a person may hold more than 50% of the shares, a majority shareholder may be prevented from electing any director simply because of his or her majority ownership. Depending on your jurisdiction, you may have some options to determine the directors of the company. For example, shareholders could each appoint a director. This option works best if there are a smaller number of shareholders and you want each shareholder to have the same power. An valuation clause provides a method for determining the value of the company`s shares. Such a process is necessary if shareholders want to sell their shares or when a shareholder dies and other shareholders want to buy those shares. Since most small businesses are private (unlisted), equities are difficult to assess in the absence of a predetermined method.
This clause will reduce differences of opinion and uncertainties that arise when a shareholder wishes to buy or sell shares. A dividend is a share of the group`s profit that a shareholder receives at regular intervals during the year. Dividends are paid per share (p.B $0.10 per share) and are used to give shareholders a positive return on holding shares. An entity can pay any percentage of its profits in the form of a dividend, but most pay less than 100%, so that the entity has assets to invest, do business, unforeseen expenses or business losses in subsequent years. A “pump gun” clause provides a leakage mechanism for shareholders when there is a serious dispute that cannot be resolved. A shareholder may offer to buy the shares of the other shareholder at a certain price. A chevrotine gun clause provides that the other shareholder can either sell his shares at that price or buy the shares of the shareholder offering at the same price. This process encourages the offering shareholder to give a fair price.
An investment is the money spent on the acquisition or modernization of tangible assets such as buildings and machinery. Shareholder agreement on large investments protects shareholders from employees or executives of the group who, without shareholder approval, invest too much in certain companies. It protects shareholder investments from misjudgment by an executive or employee. The amount of the limit depends on the size and resources of the group, as well as the confidence of shareholders in management. A non-compete clause prohibits shareholders from competing with the group while they own the group and for a short period after leaving the group. In a small business, customers work closely with shareholders. A non-compete clause prevents an influential or former shareholder from attracting customers out of the group. A shareholder who leaves the group may also have confidential information that can be used to the benefit of the group. When a company guarantees its shares, it lists the names of shareholders and the number and type of shares that each shareholder holds at the time of signing the shareholder contract. This guarantee is advantageous if shareholders want some confidence in the number of shares in the group and who owns them. At annual general meetings, shareholders are required, by ordinary decision, to appoint a legal auditor to review the company`s annual accounts.